Birmingham City PUMA, AL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
188,579
1.15% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
36.3
51.2% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
26.5%
2.87% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$39,761
47.5% 1-year decline
2022 Median Property Value
$106,400
52.3% 1-year decline
2022 Employed Population
77,499
1.82% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Birmingham City PUMA, AL had a population of 189k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $39,761. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Birmingham City PUMA, AL declined from 190,782 to 188,579, a −1.15% decrease and its median household income declined from $75,761 to $39,761, a −47.5% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (69.5%), White (Non-Hispanic) (22%), Other (Hispanic) (2.09%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.91%), and White (Hispanic) (1.53%).

6.08% of the households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.7% of the residents in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are University of Alabama at Birmingham (6,377 degrees awarded in 2022), Lawson State Community College (609 degrees), and Birmingham-Southern College (275 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was $106,400, and the homeownership rate was 48.4%.

Most people in Birmingham City PUMA, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Birmingham City PUMA, AL is home to a population of 189k people, from which 96.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.04% of Birmingham City PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (7.62k people).

In 2022, there were 3.15 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (131k people) in Birmingham City PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 41.5k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.93k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are Spanish (7,055 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (652 households), and Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa (432 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
99,875
Women
53.1%
88,150
Men
46.9%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 188,025 inhabitants, with 46.9% men, and 53.1% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

96.7%
2022 Citizenship
96.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.7% of Birmingham City PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was 96.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Birmingham City PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Birmingham City PUMA, AL
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    131k ± 2.69k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    41.5k ± 2.06k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    3.93k ± 1.12k
4.61%
Hispanic Population
8.7k people

In 2022, there were 3.15 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (131k people) in Birmingham City PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 41.5k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.93k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.61% of the people in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are hispanic (8.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Birmingham City PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,716 ± 1,270 people
  2. Guatemala
    521 ± 560 people
  3. India
    507 ± 552 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Birmingham City PUMA, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 2,716 Birmingham City PUMA, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 521 and India with 507.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.04%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
7.62k people
3.91%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
7.47k people

As of 2022, 4.04% of Birmingham City PUMA, AL residents (7.62k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was 3.91%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Birmingham City PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    7,055 households (3.95%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    652 households (0.365%)
  3. Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa
    432 households (0.242%)

6.08% of the households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was Spanish. 3.95% of the households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,786 ± 424
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,000 ± 566
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,377 ± 324

Birmingham City PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.89 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Birmingham City PUMA, AL employs 77.5k people. The largest industries in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (6,576 people), Restaurants & Food Services (5,834 people), and Construction (3,772 people), and the highest paying industries are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($120,102), Offices of dentists ($107,766), and Travel arrangements & reservation services ($103,594).

Males in Birmingham City PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.2 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,433. The income inequality in Birmingham City PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
43,332
Women
53%
38,418
Men
47%

The workforce of Birmingham City PUMA, AL in 2020 was 81,750 people, with 53% woman, and 47% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Birmingham City PUMA, AL.

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Occupations

77.5k
2022 Value
−1.82%
1 Year decline
± −1.82%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Birmingham City PUMA, AL declined at a rate of −1.82%, from 78.9k employees to 77.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Birmingham City PUMA, AL, are Cashiers (2,988 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,637 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (2,046 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Birmingham City PUMA, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

77.5k
2022 Value
−1.82%
1 Year decline
± −1.82%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Birmingham City PUMA, AL declined at a rate of −1.82%, from 78.9k employees to 77.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Birmingham City PUMA, AL, are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (6,576 people), Restaurants & Food Services (5,834 people), and Construction (3,772 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Birmingham City PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Birmingham City PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$36,209
Median earning men ± $1,337
$30,492
Median earning women ± $1,626

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,475), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($45,047), and Public Administration ($44,643).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($70,744), Construction ($62,768), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($53,897).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Birmingham City PUMA, AL awarded 7,716 degrees. The student population of Birmingham City PUMA, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 10,098 male students and 17,283 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are White (4,330 and 58.6%), followed by Black or African American (1,947 and 26.3%), Asian (445 and 6.02%), and Hispanic or Latino (272 and 3.68%).

The largest universities in Birmingham City PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama at Birmingham (6,377 and 82.6%), Lawson State Community College (609 and 7.89%), and Birmingham-Southern College (275 and 3.56%).

The most popular majors in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are Registered Nursing (1,088 and 14.1%), General Business Administration & Management (471 and 6.1%), and General Public Health (367 and 4.76%).

The median tuition costs in Birmingham City PUMA, AL are $11,820 for private four year colleges, and $8,832 and $21,216 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Birmingham City PUMA, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 80%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 24.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 27,381 (36.9% men and 63.1% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 27,381 students enrolled in Birmingham City PUMA, AL, 36.9% men and 63.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 12,288 records, of which 60.8% were women and 39.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 362 degrees awarded
  2. 256 degrees awarded
  3. 191 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was Registered Nursing with 362 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Birmingham City PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 6,377 degrees awarded
  2. 609 degrees awarded
  3. 275 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama at Birmingham with 6,377 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 2,728 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Birmingham City PUMA, AL, which is 0.547 times less than the 4,988 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,330 degrees mean that there were 2.22 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,947 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($11,820) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,250) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,300) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.13% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.96% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Birmingham City PUMA, AL in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (46.1k), Some college (37.9k), and Secondary Education (23.7k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was $106,400 in 2022, which is 0.377 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $222,900 to $106,400, a 52.3% decrease. The homeownership rate in Birmingham City PUMA, AL is 48.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Birmingham City PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 21.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Birmingham City PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Birmingham City PUMA, AL is $39,761. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

Property

$106,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,900
$37,738
Median Property Taxes
±$1,601

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham City PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Birmingham City PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

48.4%
Homeownership
2022
63.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 48.4% of the housing units in Birmingham City PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 48.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Birmingham City PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Birmingham City PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$39,761
Median Household Income
± $1,437
78.1k
Number of Households
± 2,399

In 2022, the median household income of the 78.1k households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL declined from $39,761 from the previous year's value of $75,761.

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.453
2022 Wage GINI in Birmingham City PUMA, AL
0.453
2021 Wage GINI in Birmingham City PUMA, AL

In 2022, the income inequality in Birmingham City PUMA, AL was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0759% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Birmingham City PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Birmingham City PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Birmingham City PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (73.9%)
  2. Carpooled (10.8%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.55%)

In 2022, 73.9% of workers in Birmingham City PUMA, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.8%) and those who worked at home (7.55%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Birmingham City PUMA, AL have a shorter commute time (21.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.24% of the workforce in Birmingham City PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Birmingham City PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Birmingham City PUMA, AL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

26.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Birmingham City PUMA, AL (47.3k out of 179k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Birmingham City PUMA, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

86.6% of the population of Birmingham City PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 34.5% on employee plans, 25.9% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.94% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1534 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2026 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 846 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,519 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1,534 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.3% under 18 years, 26.4% between 18 and 34 years, 35.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.2% were men and 54.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

13.4%
Uninsured
34.5%
Employer Coverage
25.9%
Medicaid
11.8%
Medicare
12.5%
Non-Group
1.94%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Birmingham City PUMA, AL declined by 4.81% from 14.1% to 13.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Birmingham City PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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